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OiRA Tools

The OiRA sectoral tools provided here are to enable micro and small enterprises to carry out risk assessments. The tools are free to download and can be easily accessed by clicking on the relevant link. Each link is accompanied by a short description of the tool and the name of the OiRA partner who developed it. Tools can be searched by country, language and sector.

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Agriculture, forestry & fishing


This tool deals with agriculture which can be characterized by a huge amount of various risk factors - contact with animals, work with heavy agricultural equipment, exposure to various chemicals, seasonal work, prolonged working hours etc. It starts with the identification of hazards and assesses the level of risk, then it allows end-users to choose the most suitable preventive actions to eliminate or reduce risk. Also included are tips for prevention of accidents related to work with animals, reduce workload on back and joints, implement fire safety principles and eliminate fall risks. This tool is an easy way to improve working conditions of agricultural workers.  Using this tool can contribute to keep them healthy, motivated and with good work ability.

Šis rīks ir paredzēts lauksaimniecības uzņēmumiem, kuros iespējami ļoti daudzi un dažādi riska faktori - kontakts ar dzīvniekiem, darbs ar lauksaimniecības tehniku, saskare ar dažādām ķīmiskām vielām, sezonas darbs, garas darba stundas u.c. Sāciet ar riska faktoru identificēšanu un novērtēšanu, tad izvēlieties piemērotākos preventīvos pasākumus, kas samazinās vai izskaudīs riskus. Neaizmirstiet īstenot atlasītos pasākumus! Rīkā ir iekļauti padomi par to, kā pasargāt darbiniekus no savainošanās, kopjot dzīvniekus, kā samazināt slodzi mugurai un locītavām, kā ieviest galvenos ugunsdrošības principus un novērst kritiena riskus. Šis rīks var palīdzēt ne tikai uzlabot darba apstākļus darbiniekiem, lauksaimniecībā, bet ļaut arī saglabāt viņu veselību, motivāciju un labas darbaspējas.

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Agriculture, forestry & fishing


The agricultural sector is one of the most dangerous sectors having high figures on accidents at work. Accidents often occur due to inappropriate machinery, unprotected parts of the machinery, not preventing workers from entering hazardous areas etc.
Employees assigned to work with agricultural machinery are often not trained properly about safety and health at work and are not aware of the safety and health requirements set by the equipment manufacturer for the operation of the equipment. in addition people working in the sector are facing risks related to dealing with dangerous substances, high physical workload because of manual handling, etc.
Proper health and safety risk assessments done with this tool, can prevent many of these risks and help the employer to find proper solutions.

Žemės ūkio veikla yra laikoma viena iš pavojingiausių ekonominės veiklos sektorių nelaimingiems atsitikimams darbe įvykti. Nelaimingi atsitikimai darbe dažniausiai įvyksta dėl tokių priežasčių bendrovėse, individualiuose ūkiuose naudojama netvarkinga technika, neapsaugotos įrenginių judančios dalys, užkertančios galimybes darbuotojams patekti į pavojingas zonas ir kiti.
Darbuotojai, paskirti dirbti su žemės ūkio technika, neinstruktuojami saugos ir sveikatos darbe klausimais, nesupažindinami su įrenginio gamintojo nustatytais įrenginio eksploatacijos darbų saugos ir sveikatos reikalavimais, nevertinama profesinė rizika.

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Agriculture, forestry & fishing


The agricultural sector has high levels of occupational accidents throughout the Portuguese territory, consisting mainly of small farms. Accidents generally occur due to improper machinery, unprotected moving parts, overconfidence of operators, lack of proper training and disregard for the correct use of safety devices and safety instructions provided by manufacturers. In addition, workers in the sector are subject to various risks related to the lack of use of appropriate protective equipment, the handling of hazardous chemicals, high physical effort and adverse environmental conditions, among others. Correct risk assessment of existing hazards using this tool can prevent many of them and help the employer implement the appropriate solutions for their elimination / control.

O setor agrícola apresenta níveis de sinistralidade laboral elevados, encontrando-se presente em todo o território português, sendo constituído fundamentalmente por pequenas explorações. Os acidentes ocorrem geralmente devido a máquinas inadequadas, com partes móveis desprotegidas, excesso de confiança dos operadores, falta de formação adequada e, desrespeito pela correta utilização dos dispositivos de segurança e pelas instruções de segurança disponibilizadas pelos fabricantes. A par destas situações, os trabalhadores do setor encontram-se sujeitos a diversos riscos relacionados com a falta de utilização dos equipamentos de proteção adequados, o manuseamento de substâncias químicas perigosas, o elevado esforço físico, as condições ambientais adversas, entre outros. Uma correta avaliação de riscos dos riscos existente, recorrendo a esta ferramenta, pode prevenir muitos deles e ajudar o empregador a implementar as soluções adequadas à sua eliminação/controlo.

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Agriculture, forestry & fishing


The primary purpose of the Icelandic version of the agricultural OiRA tool is to help farmers to improve their working conditions and minimise risk at the farm. It is easy to use, free and open to all.

With OiRA, users get a tool in their hands that helps them to assess the risks in their own work environment. The tool evaluates the risks and returns the results in a report that is only to be seen and used by the farmer or workers at the farm.

The tool sets out proposals and examples of improvements in the working environment. There are also references to laws and regulations, number of images for explanation and links to more informative material.

Emphasis is placed on fire and accident prevention and handling of machines. Health factors are assessed and risk by infectious diseases is discussed. The general condition of the farm is assessed since it is a part of potential risk factors which have to be taken into consideration. Also included are tips for prevention of accidents related to work with animals, reduce workload on back and joints and instructions to eliminate fall risks.

Proper health and safety risk assessments done with the Oira tool, can prevent many accidents and help the employer to find proper solutions.

Öryggis- og vinnuverndarmál eru mikilvægur þáttur í rekstri í nútímalandbúnaði. Oira-verkfærið hjálpar bændum og öðrum sem starfa við landbúnað að meta þær áhættur sem felast í starfsumhverfinu. Rafrænu áhættumati er ætlað að vera leiðarvísir fyrir notandann og minnka líkur á slysum.

Þegar búið er að svara öllum þáttum áhættumatsins skilar Oira skýrslu til notandans sem er eingöngu aðgengileg honum og til eigin notkunar.

Áhersla er lögð á brunavarnir, slysavarnir og meðferð og umgengni við vélar. Heilsufarsþættir eru metnir og einnig er farið yfir gildi smitvarna. Ásýnd og býlis og umgengni hefur sitt að segja um áhættustig og eru þeir þættir einnig teknir til skoðunar.

Oira-áhættumatið er unnið í samvinnu Vinnueftirlitsins og Bændasamtaka Íslands. Það er byggt á leiðbeiningahefti um öryggi og vinnuvernd í landbúnaði sem er aðgengilegt á

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Agriculture, forestry & fishing

Agriculture - Crop production

The tool covers the following modules: OSH Management; Work premises and flooring; Electrical safety; Emergency management and fire safety; Physical and chemical factors of the working environment; Work with hazardous substances; Biological agents in the working environment; Factors of the work process; Fixed work equipment and high-risk equipment; Operation of mobile agricultural machinery and self-propelled machinery; Warehouses and handling operations; Internal company transport; Outdoor activities; Work in explosive atmospheres; Work in greenhouses; Repair and maintenance of agricultural machinery, plant and motor vehicles; Working with mechanical, agricultural and motor-operated electric tools; Work with bees; Office work.

Инструментът включва следните модули: Управление на безопасността и здравето при работа; Работни помещения и подове; Електробезопасност; Управление на извънредни ситуации и пожаробезопасност; Физични и химични фактори на работната среда; Работа с опасни химични вещества; Биологични агенти в работната среда; Фактори на трудовия процес; Стационарно работно оборудване и съоръжения с повишена опасност; Работа с подвижна земеделска и самоходна техника; Складове и товаро-разтоварни дейности; Вътрешностопански транспорт; Работа на открито; Работа в експлозивна среда; Работа в оранжерии; Ремонт и поддръжка на селскостопанска техника, съоръжения и автомобили; Работа с ръчни механични, земеделски и електроинструменти; Работа с пчели; Работа в офис.

Transport (air, water & rail)

Air transport

The tool covers the following modules: Noise; Vibrations; Accelerations; Lighting on the flight deck; Electricity and static electricity; Cosmic radiation (ionizing radiation); Non-Ionizing radiation (radio transmissions and microwaves); Organisational setting and social environment; Mental stress; Biological and chemical environment.

Инструментът включва следните модули: Шум; Вибрации; Ускорения; Осветление в летателната кабина; Електрически ток и статично електричество; Космическа радиация (йонизиращи лъчения); Нейонизиращи лъчения (радио излъчвания и микровълни); Организационна и социална среда; Нервно-психично напрежение; Биологична и химична среда.

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Food production & sale
Wholesale & retail trade


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Food production & sale


Bakers work in manufacturing facilities that produce bread, pastries, and other baked products. Bakers' work is demanding and relatively difficult. It is very often exposed to various dangers and risks of rotating tools and moving parts, burns from cooking and heating liquids. Bakers work with their hands or fingers and are occasionally exposed to extreme heat or cold while working outside or in cold storages. Work is continuously performed in artificial light at high temperatures and humid fluctuations with the presence of fine particles (flour, sugar powder) and excessive noise. The OiRA tool for bakers deals with general and specific risks at work. This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.

Delo peka je zahtevno in relativno težko. Pogosto je izpostavljen različnim nevarnostim in možnostim poškodb z orodji in gibljivimi deli strojev, opeklin pri pečenju in gretju tekočin ali udarcev pri transportu. Dela stoje z obračanjem, pripogibanjem in dviganjem lažjih bremen. Med hojo prenaša in potiska bremena. Dela z rokami oziroma s prsti. Občasno je izpostavljen visoki vročini ali mrazu pri zunanjih opravilih in delu pri zamrzovalnih napravah. Stalno dela pri umetni svetlobi pri velikih temperaturnih spremembah, v vlagi, ob prisotnosti drobnih delcev (moka, sladkor v prahu) v zraku in v hrupu. To orodje obravnava  tveganja pri delu peka. Poleg ocene tveganj vsebuje tudi predloge, kako tveganja zmanjšati ali povsem odpraviti. Zahteve, ki jih podaja orodje so vezane na predpise, ki jih lahko uporabnik med ocenjevanjem tveganja tudi pregleda.

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Food production & sale


The OiRA tool for bakeries has been developed to help small and medium-sized enterprises whose economic activity is 'bakery and flour products' to asses the risks at their workplaces. The tool helps to identify the hazards faced by employees who work in these economic activities, including work equipment, hazardous and dangerous materials, hot surfaces, manual handling of loads, etc. Preventive measures are also proposed that may help eliminate or reduce the risk to an acceptable level.
With the help of the OiRA tool, employers will be able to assess the occupational risks posed by the risks faced by employees and to create a work environment that is safe for workers and does not harm their health....

Parengta OiRA priemonė „Kepyklos“ skirta mažoms ir vidutinėms įmonėms, kurių ekonominė veikla yra „kepyklos ir miltinių produktų gamyba“. Šioje priemonėje įvardinti pavojai su kuriais susiduria darbuotojai, kurie dirba šios ekonominės veiklos įmonėse, tai darbo įrenginiai, pavojingos ir kenksmingos medžiagos, karšti paviršiai, krovinių tvarkymas rankomis ir kt. Taip pat siūlomos prevencinės priemonės galinčio padėti pašalinti ar sumažinti riziką iki priimtinos. OiRA priemonės pagalba darbdaviai galės įvertinti kokią profesinę riziką kelią rizikos veiksniai su kuriais susiduria darbuotojai, bei sukurti darbuotojams tokią darbo aplinką, kurioje būtų užtikrinta darbuotojų saugą ir kurioje darbuotojai nepatirtų žalos savo sveikatai.