Työkalut

Tässä tarjotut alakohtaiset OiRA-työkalut ovat mikro- ja pienyritysten käytettävissä, jotta ne voivat tehdä riskinarviointeja ja niitä voidaan auttaa laatimaan niiden omien vaatimusten mukaan muokattua dokumentoitua arviointia. Työkalut ovat vapaasti ladattavissa, ja niitä pääsee käyttämään helposti napsauttamalla asiaankuuluvaa linkkiä. Jokaisessa linkissä on lyhyt kuvaus työkalusta ja sen kehittäneen OiRA-kumppanin nimi. Työkaluja voidaan etsiä maan, kielen ja alan mukaan.

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Kuva

Construction & maintenance, Manufacturing

Bulgaria

Bulgarian

Manufacture of ready-mixed concrete

The tool can be used by any manufacturer of ready-mixed concrete and concrete and lime stone solutions. It is applicable both to mobile and stationary installations. The major organizational requirements related to health and safety are covered as well as major risks related to the site, production process, maintenance and repair of equipment, use of vehicles, presence of visitors and their safety, the management of psycho-social factors and working hours as key conditions for ensuring the health and safety of workers and the visitors of the production site. Measures for emergency planning are extensively reviewed, as well as measures for prevention and reaction in case of fire and disasters.
Kuva

Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Painters

The tool is meant for indoor painters and façade workers, with tasks like painting walls and ceilings, painting of carpenter products, setting wallpapers and insulation, decoration of advertisement spaces and boards, primary protection of products: wood against moist and decay, metal against rust. They work with gear/equipment like paintbrushes, cutting tools, etc. Inside, the risk is drought. Outside, painters and façade workers are exposed to the weather based risks. They often can't avoid filth, foul smell, and toxic paint fumes. Work is usually done standing up or on a ladder. That makes additional risks. The work can be one person or a group, often with longer working hours. The danger is working with toxic substances. The purpose of the online tool OiRA for painters and façade workers is for employees and employers to remind each other of dangers, collaborate, and give each other advice to make a safer workplace for employees.  
Kuva

Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Parquet workers

This risk assessment has been produced in order to assist parquet workers to do their job safely. Parquet workers tasks relate to the flooring laying and other floor coverings made of wood and wooden materials. A parquet worker uses a number of tools and equipment such as hammers, saws, rotating drums and the circular grinding machines and a vacuum cleaner which all pose several risks. An interactive OiRA tool intended for parquet workers comprises a basic description of hazards in the workplace. It encourages cooperation between employees and employers and significantly contributes to improvements in the workplace and working environment.
Kuva

Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Roofers

This risk assessment has been produced in order to assist those who have a legitimate need to access and/or work on a roof to do so safely. Roofers' basic work activity is to cover roofs with various roofing materials. Their work varies depending on whether they cover the roof on anew building, which is still under construction, or they replace the roof on an existing building. The main risk to which the roofers are constantly exposed is to fall off the roof. An interactive OiRA tool for roofers comprises a basic description of the risk posed to the roofer. With this and the proposed measures to reduce the risk, the OiRA tool encourages cooperation between employees and employers. The OiRA tool for roofers brings the description and identification of the general risks involved in carrying loads, working at heights, on job sites documents for work and so on. Additional modules are about working at heights and roof treatment while working at height, roof work, work on the roof with a slopes greater than 60° and the roofs with the non-load bearing roof structures.
Kuva

Wholesale & retail trade

Slovenia

Slovenian

Shops

Due to a long-term standing work or incorrect sitting position, shop workers are often exposed to orthopedic injuries after only a few years of their professional practice. In the long term their health might be affected by repetitive movements influenced by stacking items on the shelves and lifting heavy weights. Improper working techniques and a poor ergonomically designed working environment are among the factors that aggravate the already burdened occupations. The ongoing work with customers and psychosocial risks (excessive workload, shift work, poor communication, sexual harassment, violence, third parties adn so on) can often lead to employees' burnout or depression. The OiRA tool for shop workers deals with general and specific risks at work. This risk assessment contains proposed solutionsto reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.
Kuva

Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Construction

From the occupational safety and health perspective, working in the construction industry is among the most risky. The reasons are mainly based on the fact that the work is performed at the work environment where the situation is constantly evolving in terms of both the performance of work activities, the number of participants, work at different levels (at height, excavations, tunnels), transport (horizontal, vertical) as well as in very changing weather conditions (heat, cold, wind, rain, snow). During construction work, workers are exposed to health damage risks, such as diseases related to asbestos exposure, back pain, vibration disease (white finger syndrome), and skin ulcers due to the use of hazardous substances like cement. The OiRA tool for construction workers deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment, slipping, tripping, falls from heights, exposure to dangerous substances, the risk of electrical current, manual handling of loads, stress, violence and so on. This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.
Kuva

Construction & maintenance, Woodworking & related activities

Slovenia

Slovenian

Carpentries

The woodworking industry has one of the highest rates of accidents in the manufacturing sector. The reasons are largely the result of workers interacting with various sets of tools and equipment. Carpenter work requires normal physical and mental capability with an emphasis on skills of hands and fingers, muscle sensitivity and pressure sensation on feet, hands and fingers. Carpenters work with the coordination of hands and fingers and must be able to concentrate in dangerous situations with a rapid understanding and reaction to signals and sounds. Occasionally, they work at height and in forced positions. Because of the potential harm caused by excessive noise, dust, fumes, glues, paints, thinners and hardeners periodic medical check-ups are required. The OiRA tool for carpenters deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment - machinery and equipment (maintenance of machines, control systems, etc.). This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.
Kuva

Construction & maintenance

Bulgaria

Bulgarian

Construction

The tool covers the following modules: OSH Management in general construction work; Preparation for implementation of general construction work; Earth moving and excavation work; Construction of reinforced concrete structures; Construction of masonry; Installation of structures; Construction of building systems; Insulation and finishing work; Building transmission and distribution pipelines; Construction of roads and pedestrian areas; Work with machinery and mechanical equipment; Work at a height; Work in confined areas; Fire activities; Diving works; Manual handling of loads.