Työkalut

Tässä tarjotut alakohtaiset OiRA-työkalut ovat mikro- ja pienyritysten käytettävissä, jotta ne voivat tehdä riskinarviointeja ja niitä voidaan auttaa laatimaan niiden omien vaatimusten mukaan muokattua dokumentoitua arviointia. Työkalut ovat vapaasti ladattavissa, ja niitä pääsee käyttämään helposti napsauttamalla asiaankuuluvaa linkkiä. Jokaisessa linkissä on lyhyt kuvaus työkalusta ja sen kehittäneen OiRA-kumppanin nimi. Työkaluja voidaan etsiä maan, kielen ja alan mukaan.

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Construction & maintenance, Woodworking & related activities

Slovenia

Slovenian

Carpentries

The woodworking industry has one of the highest rates of accidents in the manufacturing sector. The reasons are largely the result of workers interacting with various sets of tools and equipment. Carpenter work requires normal physical and mental capability with an emphasis on skills of hands and fingers, muscle sensitivity and pressure sensation on feet, hands and fingers. Carpenters work with the coordination of hands and fingers and must be able to concentrate in dangerous situations with a rapid understanding and reaction to signals and sounds. Occasionally, they work at height and in forced positions. Because of the potential harm caused by excessive noise, dust, fumes, glues, paints, thinners and hardeners periodic medical check-ups are required. The OiRA tool for carpenters deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment - machinery and equipment (maintenance of machines, control systems, etc.). This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.

Construction & maintenance

Czech Republic

Czech

Construction

Construction & maintenance

Portugal

Portuguese

Construction

The building construction sector which is mainly made up of micro and small companies registers high levels of work accidents. This sector is characterized by several risk factors, such as working at heights, moving loads, handling machinery and work equipment, the presence of dust and other hazardous chemicals, improper posture, noise and vibration, as well as adverse weather conditions. Accidents usually occur due to unsafe conditions and / or actions. This tool aims to contribute to an improvement of working conditions in the building construction sector, as it allows for an assessment of existing risks and suggests measures to be implemented to control these risks and produces an action plan to be implemented at the workplace.

Construction & maintenance

Belgium

French

Construction

OiRA Construction has been developed for and by the construction sector. The tool is adapted to the specific characteristics of the sector, such as site work, subcontracting, the diversity of profiles of workers and activities, and special requirements in terms of security coordination. These risks are related to work done at height, exposure to noise, vibration and dust, the manual handling of loads and the use of hazardous products. OiRA Wood is the result of an intensive collaboration between FPS Employment, Labour and Social Dialogue, Constructiv, the FGTB, the CGSLB, CCS, Bouwunie the Construction Confederation and FEMA.

Construction & maintenance

Belgium

Dutch

Construction

OiRA Construction has been developed for and by the construction sector. The tool is adapted to the specific characteristics of the sector, such as site work, subcontracting, the diversity of profiles of workers and activities, and special requirements in terms of security coordination. These risks are related to work done at height, exposure to noise, vibration and dust, the manual handling of loads and the use of hazardous products. OiRA Wood is the result of an intensive collaboration between FPS Employment, Labour and Social Dialogue, Constructiv, the FGTB, the CGSLB, CCS, Bouwunie the Construction Confederation and FEMA.

Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Construction

From the occupational safety and health perspective, working in the construction industry is among the most risky. The reasons are mainly based on the fact that the work is performed at the work environment where the situation is constantly evolving in terms of both the performance of work activities, the number of participants, work at different levels (at height, excavations, tunnels), transport (horizontal, vertical) as well as in very changing weather conditions (heat, cold, wind, rain, snow). During construction work, workers are exposed to health damage risks, such as diseases related to asbestos exposure, back pain, vibration disease (white finger syndrome), and skin ulcers due to the use of hazardous substances like cement. The OiRA tool for construction workers deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment, slipping, tripping, falls from heights, exposure to dangerous substances, the risk of electrical current, manual handling of loads, stress, violence and so on. This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.

Construction & maintenance

Bulgaria

Bulgarian

Construction

The tool covers the following modules: OSH Management in general construction work; Preparation for implementation of general construction work; Earth moving and excavation work; Construction of reinforced concrete structures; Construction of masonry; Installation of structures; Construction of building systems; Insulation and finishing work; Building transmission and distribution pipelines; Construction of roads and pedestrian areas; Work with machinery and mechanical equipment; Work at a height; Work in confined areas; Fire activities; Diving works; Manual handling of loads.

Construction & maintenance

Latvia

Latvian

Construction - indoor work

This tool is intended for companies which perform construction works indoors. This sector is characterised by multiple risk factors, including work at height, hand injuries, different types of dusts, various harmful effects of chemical substances, noise, work in awkward postures and heavy object lifting and moving. It starts with the identification of hazards and it assesses the level of risk, allowing end-users to choose the most suitable preventive actions to eliminate or reduce the risk(s). The tool also includes tips on ergonomics, work equipment and personal protective equipment. These allow employees to protect themselves from accidents resulting from falls from heights and, at the same level, to reduce the load for the back and joints, as well as to introduce the main principles of fire protection and so on. This tool is an easy way to improve working conditions for workers in the construction sector and its use can contribute to keep them healthy, motivated and with good work ability.

Construction & maintenance

Latvia

Latvian

Construction (earth works)

This tool is intended for companies which perform construction work on the earth level and ground works. Construction in general is a sector characterised by multiple risk factors, including work in excavations, eye and hand injuries, different types of dusts, noise, vibration, work in awkward postures and heavy object lifting and moving. It starts with the identification of hazards and it assesses the level of risk, allowing end-users to choose the most suitable preventive actions to eliminate or reduce the risk(s). The tool also includes safety requirements for excavations, tips on ergonomics, work equipment and personal protective equipment. These allow employees to protect themselves from accidents resulting from falls from heights and, at the same level, to reduce the load for the back and joints, as well as to introduce the main principles of fire protection and so on. This tool is an easy way to improve working conditions for workers in the construction sector and its use can contribute to keep them healthy, motivated and with good work ability.

Construction & maintenance

Lithuania

Lithuanian

Construction (earth works)