Outils

Les outils sectoriels OiRA présentés ici sont mis à la disposition des micro- et petites entreprises pour procéder à des évaluations des risques, en les aidant à produire une évaluation documentée spécifiquement adaptée à leurs exigences. Ces outils peuvent être téléchargés gratuitement et sont facilement accessibles en cliquant sur le lien correspondant. Chaque lien est accompagné d’une brève description de l’outil et du nom du partenaire OiRA qui l’a développé. La recherche d’outils peut être effectuée par pays, par langue et par secteur.

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Education

Slovenia

Slovenian

Educational establishments

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Construction & maintenance, Manufacturing

Bulgaria

Bulgarian

Manufacture of ready-mixed concrete

The tool can be used by any manufacturer of ready-mixed concrete and concrete and lime stone solutions. It is applicable both to mobile and stationary installations. The major organizational requirements related to health and safety are covered as well as major risks related to the site, production process, maintenance and repair of equipment, use of vehicles, presence of visitors and their safety, the management of psycho-social factors and working hours as key conditions for ensuring the health and safety of workers and the visitors of the production site. Measures for emergency planning are extensively reviewed, as well as measures for prevention and reaction in case of fire and disasters.
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Manufacturing

Bulgaria

Bulgarian

Printing sector

The tool is intended for companies operating in the printing sector and covers printing on paper (books, stationery, advertising materials, newspapers, etc.). Prepress, bindings and other finishing works are not dealt with. The tool considers the risks, typical for the main processes, related to the use of machinery and equipment, storage of large volumes of raw materials and production, loading and unloading operations, internal transport, manual handling of loads, etc. Addressed are also topics related to the factors of the working environment: microclimate, illumination, noise, dust and toxic agents in the working environment. Psychosocial risks and work organization are also covered. The tool is an easy way to improve the working conditions of the workers in the printing sector.
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Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Painters

The tool is meant for indoor painters and façade workers, with tasks like painting walls and ceilings, painting of carpenter products, setting wallpapers and insulation, decoration of advertisement spaces and boards, primary protection of products: wood against moist and decay, metal against rust. They work with gear/equipment like paintbrushes, cutting tools, etc. Inside, the risk is drought. Outside, painters and façade workers are exposed to the weather based risks. They often can't avoid filth, foul smell, and toxic paint fumes. Work is usually done standing up or on a ladder. That makes additional risks. The work can be one person or a group, often with longer working hours. The danger is working with toxic substances. The purpose of the online tool OiRA for painters and façade workers is for employees and employers to remind each other of dangers, collaborate, and give each other advice to make a safer workplace for employees.  
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Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Parquet workers

This risk assessment has been produced in order to assist parquet workers to do their job safely. Parquet workers tasks relate to the flooring laying and other floor coverings made of wood and wooden materials. A parquet worker uses a number of tools and equipment such as hammers, saws, rotating drums and the circular grinding machines and a vacuum cleaner which all pose several risks. An interactive OiRA tool intended for parquet workers comprises a basic description of hazards in the workplace. It encourages cooperation between employees and employers and significantly contributes to improvements in the workplace and working environment.
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Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Roofers

This risk assessment has been produced in order to assist those who have a legitimate need to access and/or work on a roof to do so safely. Roofers' basic work activity is to cover roofs with various roofing materials. Their work varies depending on whether they cover the roof on anew building, which is still under construction, or they replace the roof on an existing building. The main risk to which the roofers are constantly exposed is to fall off the roof. An interactive OiRA tool for roofers comprises a basic description of the risk posed to the roofer. With this and the proposed measures to reduce the risk, the OiRA tool encourages cooperation between employees and employers. The OiRA tool for roofers brings the description and identification of the general risks involved in carrying loads, working at heights, on job sites documents for work and so on. Additional modules are about working at heights and roof treatment while working at height, roof work, work on the roof with a slopes greater than 60° and the roofs with the non-load bearing roof structures.
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Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Construction

From the occupational safety and health perspective, working in the construction industry is among the most risky. The reasons are mainly based on the fact that the work is performed at the work environment where the situation is constantly evolving in terms of both the performance of work activities, the number of participants, work at different levels (at height, excavations, tunnels), transport (horizontal, vertical) as well as in very changing weather conditions (heat, cold, wind, rain, snow). During construction work, workers are exposed to health damage risks, such as diseases related to asbestos exposure, back pain, vibration disease (white finger syndrome), and skin ulcers due to the use of hazardous substances like cement. The OiRA tool for construction workers deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment, slipping, tripping, falls from heights, exposure to dangerous substances, the risk of electrical current, manual handling of loads, stress, violence and so on. This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.
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Construction & maintenance, Woodworking & related activities

Slovenia

Slovenian

Carpentries

The woodworking industry has one of the highest rates of accidents in the manufacturing sector. The reasons are largely the result of workers interacting with various sets of tools and equipment. Carpenter work requires normal physical and mental capability with an emphasis on skills of hands and fingers, muscle sensitivity and pressure sensation on feet, hands and fingers. Carpenters work with the coordination of hands and fingers and must be able to concentrate in dangerous situations with a rapid understanding and reaction to signals and sounds. Occasionally, they work at height and in forced positions. Because of the potential harm caused by excessive noise, dust, fumes, glues, paints, thinners and hardeners periodic medical check-ups are required. The OiRA tool for carpenters deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment - machinery and equipment (maintenance of machines, control systems, etc.). This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.
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Manufacturing

Bulgaria

Bulgarian

Manufacture of basic metals

The tool covers the following modules: OSH Management; Work premises and flooring; Electrical safety; Emergency management and fire safety; Physical and chemical factors of the working environment; Work with hazardous chemicals; Factors of the work process; Work equipment and high-risk equipment; Warehousing and handling operations; Factory transport; Working with mechanical and motor-operated electric tools; Fire and welding operations; Outdoor work; Work in explosive atmospheres; Work at a height; Work in confined areas; Work in environment with gas hazards; Office work; Production of pig iron, steel and ferroalloys; Manufacture of products in the primary processing of steel; Manufacture of non-ferrous metals; Casting of metals.
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Manufacturing

Bulgaria

Bulgarian

Manufacture of drinks

The tool covers the following modules: OSH Management; Emergency management and fire safety; Work premises and flooring; Electrical safety; Physical and chemical factors in the working environment; Work with hazardous substances; Factors of the work process; Work equipment and high-risk equipment; Work in explosive atmospheres; Work in confined areas; Work at a height; Welding operations; Work on packaging lines; Warehouses and handling operations; Factory transport; Transport activities: Supply of raw material and transportation of finished goods; Office work; Company laboratory control.