Outils

Les outils sectoriels OiRA présentés ici sont mis à la disposition des micro- et petites entreprises pour procéder à des évaluations des risques, en les aidant à produire une évaluation documentée spécifiquement adaptée à leurs exigences. Ces outils peuvent être téléchargés gratuitement et sont facilement accessibles en cliquant sur le lien correspondant. Chaque lien est accompagné d’une brève description de l’outil et du nom du partenaire OiRA qui l’a développé. La recherche d’outils peut être effectuée par pays, par langue et par secteur.

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Manufacturing

Latvia

Latvian

Manufacturing of clothes

Typically, occupational health and safety in this sector covers mostly poor ergonomics with awkward postures, repetitive motions and poor lighting. However, this sector is also characterized by multiple risk factors such as noise, exposure to chemical substances, different types of dust, poor microclimate as well as different risk factors leading to accidents at work.  The tool starts with the identification of hazards and assesses the level of risk, then it allows end-users to choose the most suitable preventive actions to eliminate or reduce risk. Do not forget to implement the proposed preventive measures! The tool includes tips on improving workplace ergonomics, fire safety, training of workers etc. It allows employees to be protected from accidents and occupational diseases. This tool is an easy way to improve working conditions for workers in manufacturing of clothes industry. Using this tool can contribute to keep them healthy, motivated and with good work ability.
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Manufacturing, Working with metal

Latvia

Latvian

Metal works

This tool is intended for companies performing metal works. Typically, occupational health and safety in this sector covers safety aspects caused by work with equipment. However there is more to it. The  sector is characterized by multiple risk factors including different types of dust and fumes, noise, exposure to chemical substances, poor ergonomics including manual lifting of heavy weights and much more. The tool starts It with the identification of hazards and assesses the level of risk, then it allows end-users to choose the most suitable preventive actions to eliminate or reduce risk. Do not forget to implement the proposed preventive measures! The tool includes tips on exhaust ventilation, fire safety, workplace ergonomics, training of workers etc. Proper risk assessment and management will protect employees from risks to their safety and health at work. Using this tool can contribute to keep them healthy, motivated and with good work ability.
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Sports & recreation

Latvia

Latvian

Fitness centres

This tool is intended for fitness centres. Workplaces in fitness centres can be characterized by multiple risk factors such as work with complicated and demanding clients, long working hours, voice strain, physically demanding tasks such as moving of heavy weights etc. The tool starts with the identification of hazards and assesses the level of risk, subsequently it allows end-users to choose the most suitable preventive actions to eliminate or reduce risks. The tool further includes tips on reduction of stress and fatigue, ergonomics, physical security of employees, working with clients and workplace health promotion. The tools and the proposed solutions enable employers to prevent work accidents, to reduce the physical workload of employees and to introduce the main principles of fire protection and much more. Using this tool can contribute to keeping employees healthy, motivated and with good work ability.
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Automotive transportation, distribution & logistics

Latvia

Latvian

Road transport

This tool is intended for companies working in road transport. This sector is characterized by multiple risk factors such as: traffic accidents, work in awkward postures for long hours, fatigue, work at height, moving heavy objects etc. The tool starts with the identification of hazards and assesses the level of risk. It allows end-users to choose the most suitable preventive actions to eliminate or reduce risks. Users are encouraged to implement the proposed preventive measures for each risk identified. The tool includes tips on ergonomics, work organization, personal protective equipment, and many more. These solutoins are meant to reduce traffic accidents, reduce the load for the back and joints, as well as to introduce the main principles of fire protection etc. This tool is an easy way to improve working conditions for workers in road transport. Using this tool can contribute to keep them healthy, motivated and with good work ability.
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Transport (air, water & rail)

EU level

English

Passenger water transport - Ships

Seafaring still belongs to one of the most dangerous occupations worldwide. Risk assessment as a cornerstone in risk management has been widely introduced by internationally operating shipping companies. In contrast, small and micro sized shipping enterprises operating in coastal areas often have no systematic approach to occupational health and safety management. In order to tackle this challenge the “SHIPSAN-ACT – Joint Action” has developed this OiRA tool on maritime transport. The Risk Assessment Tool was structured into ten modules. Based on two general modules dealing with the general approach to safety and health on board (“Occupational Safety and Health Management” and “General Hazards on Board”), six modules cover relevant areas of the ship (“Working on the Bridge”, “Working on the Deck and Cargo Decks”, “Working in the Engine Room”, “Working in the Galley”, “Living Accommodation” and “Working in the ships offices”). Two extra modules were created to treat specific topics (“Dealing with Emergencies” and “Vulnerable Working Groups”). The OiRA tool for Maritime Transport can be used by anyone wishing to assess health and safety-related risks that might exist in their workplace on a ship.
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Sports & recreation

EU level

English

Sport - Active leisure

The active leisure sector comprises two sub-sectors - fitness and outdoors, and they are part of the broader sport sector. The fitness sector uses qualified instructors and trainers to deliver diverse, structured exercise programmes that help people of all ages and abilities to improve their health, muscle and cardiovascular endurance, coordination, balance, agility and flexibility. Fitness programmes also build a feeling of individual wellbeing that establishes and helps to maintain a healthy balance of mind, body and spirit. The outdoor sector uses outdoor related activities (mountain biking, canoe, rafting, horse riding, … etc.) as the basis of delivery of a recreational or personal development service. Outdoor providers do not generally offer competitions, which are therefore not included in the tool. The outdoor sector uses qualified instructors to deliver outdoor activities in a context of fun, recreation, tourism, outdoor learning or engagement with the natural environment. The tool does not cover high risk activities such as climbing, diving, surfing etc. since these were considered to be very specific and as such, need to go along with very specific health and safety measure, that couldn't be covered within the current approach. Aspects such as work performed outside normal working hours, part-time or temporary contracts, or volunteer work as well as free lancer work are included in the tool.
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Sports & recreation

EU level

English

Sport - Not-for-profit

Not-for-profit sports improve the quality of people's lives through exercise, fun and personal development. Not-for-profit sports is a part of the broader sport sector. The OiRA tool on not-for-profit sports sector covers activities being conducted by the following staff: Sport coaches & sport instructors and trainers, individually orientated and group wise orientated; sport managers; location managers and operational support (e.g. maintenance workers, caretakers, cleaners, grounds men, gardeners, food & beverage staff, receptionists, cashiers, ticket sellers, office workers, drivers, security guards). All the above workers can also be volunteers. Any sports club or person that represents a sports club is considered to be an 'employer'. In the not-for-profit sports sector the employers are often volunteers as well. Working at a not-for-profit sports organisation concerns the indoor facilities an outdoor activities (grounds), and sometimes travelling. Work is often performed outside normal working hours, frequently in the evening or at night and at weekends. The workers may be employed on part-time or temporary contracts, as a volunteer or may work as self-employed. Many instructors in the outdoor sport are freelancer either working for centers on contract or as self-employed.
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Sports & recreation

EU level

English

Sport sector - Professional sports

The professional sports sector comprises many sub-sectors, such as handball, basketball, cycling, football (to only name a few). This tool includes general statements on either indoor or outdoor field sports, it further includes a section on water sports and on ice and snow sports. Beside covering a broad range of sports, the sector and accordingly the tool include a wide range of employmees, not only including athletes but also coaches, referees, office workers, receptionists, ticket sellers, security guards, caretakers, maintainance workers, gardeners, kitchen staff, bartenders, club managers, operations managers, supporting staff, and many more. All of these can be volunteers as well.
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Private security

EU level

English

Private security

Private security guards are involved in preventing all types of risks and in serving the security of people, premises, processes, and goods. At the same time they are exposed to many risks, such as slips, trips and falls and violence of all types to only name the most frequent ones. The tool covers five different areas: commercial manned guarding, mobile patroling, event security, airport security and maritime security. The tool is highly adaptable and gives the choice to companies to repeat each of these areas for every single location/event where private security has been contracted. The tool has been developed by the EU social partners and needs to be adapted at country level to ensure that it includes the respective legislative information on national level.