Outils

Les outils sectoriels OiRA présentés ici sont mis à la disposition des micro- et petites entreprises pour procéder à des évaluations des risques, en les aidant à produire une évaluation documentée spécifiquement adaptée à leurs exigences. Ces outils peuvent être téléchargés gratuitement et sont facilement accessibles en cliquant sur le lien correspondant. Chaque lien est accompagné d’une brève description de l’outil et du nom du partenaire OiRA qui l’a développé. La recherche d’outils peut être effectuée par pays, par langue et par secteur.

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Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Painters

The tool is meant for indoor painters and façade workers, with tasks like painting walls and ceilings, painting of carpenter products, setting wallpapers and insulation, decoration of advertisement spaces and boards, primary protection of products: wood against moist and decay, metal against rust. They work with gear/equipment like paintbrushes, cutting tools, etc. Inside, the risk is drought. Outside, painters and façade workers are exposed to the weather based risks. They often can't avoid filth, foul smell, and toxic paint fumes. Work is usually done standing up or on a ladder. That makes additional risks. The work can be one person or a group, often with longer working hours. The danger is working with toxic substances. The purpose of the online tool OiRA for painters and façade workers is for employees and employers to remind each other of dangers, collaborate, and give each other advice to make a safer workplace for employees.  
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Motor vehicles, repair & related activities

Slovenia

Slovenian

Vehicles - Car & heavy loads vehicles repair

Tool OiRA meant for car service includes service maintenance work, repair, and cleaning of vehicles. Work usually takes place in remote workshops or in services of car manufacturers and craftsmen. In addition to usual tools this particular OiRA tool also consider risk within the car body shop activities, work with clients, and field work – car-tow service. From counted working tasks come many risks for workers that are connected with: work in nature (microclimate, dust, noise, paint and fuel fumes), dealing with vehicles, work with elevators, work with dangerous substances, etc. The purpose of online tool OiRA for car services is, for the employer and employee to be reminded of risk, danger and proposes of eliminate these risks. OiRA tool encourages employees to collaborate with employers, report their thoughts, proposals/initiatives how to improve working place, and sharing advices with others.  
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Motor vehicles, repair & related activities

Slovenia

Slovenian

Vehicles - Tyre repair workers

This risk assessment has been produced in order to assist tyre repair workers to do their job safely. One of the primary tasks of the tyre repair workers are to prepare the car for safe driving, including tyre repairs, montages and changing the tubes and tires, as well as  balancing wheels. Work tasks contain a selection of tasks, from tire-wheel assembly and disassembly to tire balancing, as well as repair of damaged tires and rims. Workers are exposed to sudden tire cracks or explosions, carrying heavy loads and so on. An interactive OiRA tool intended for tyre repair workers which comprises a basic description of the tyre repair shops, encourages cooperation between employees and employers and significantly contributes to improvements in the workplace and working environment.
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Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Parquet workers

This risk assessment has been produced in order to assist parquet workers to do their job safely. Parquet workers tasks relate to the flooring laying and other floor coverings made of wood and wooden materials. A parquet worker uses a number of tools and equipment such as hammers, saws, rotating drums and the circular grinding machines and a vacuum cleaner which all pose several risks. An interactive OiRA tool intended for parquet workers comprises a basic description of hazards in the workplace. It encourages cooperation between employees and employers and significantly contributes to improvements in the workplace and working environment.
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Working with metal

Slovenia

Slovenian

Metal workers

This risk assessment has been produced in order to assist metalworkers to do their job safely. Metal workers are exposed to different hazards like mechanical hazards, extreme temperatures (liquid metal), recurring tasks, lifting heavy loads, the dangers of airborne particles, the risk of electrocution, frequent slips and falls. They are exposed to the hazardous substances and biological agents. An interactive OiRA tool for metalworkers comprises a basic description of the risks to which metal workers are exposed during their work. With this and the proposed measures to reduce risks, the OiRA tool for metal workers encourages cooperation between employees and employers. This OiRA tool was designed to promote health in the workplace, with the combined efforts from employers, workers and society as a whole to improve the health and well-being in the workplace. Employers are responsible for its implementation. 
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Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Roofers

This risk assessment has been produced in order to assist those who have a legitimate need to access and/or work on a roof to do so safely. Roofers' basic work activity is to cover roofs with various roofing materials. Their work varies depending on whether they cover the roof on anew building, which is still under construction, or they replace the roof on an existing building. The main risk to which the roofers are constantly exposed is to fall off the roof. An interactive OiRA tool for roofers comprises a basic description of the risk posed to the roofer. With this and the proposed measures to reduce the risk, the OiRA tool encourages cooperation between employees and employers. The OiRA tool for roofers brings the description and identification of the general risks involved in carrying loads, working at heights, on job sites documents for work and so on. Additional modules are about working at heights and roof treatment while working at height, roof work, work on the roof with a slopes greater than 60° and the roofs with the non-load bearing roof structures.
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Wholesale & retail trade

Slovenia

Slovenian

Shops

Due to a long-term standing work or incorrect sitting position, shop workers are often exposed to orthopedic injuries after only a few years of their professional practice. In the long term their health might be affected by repetitive movements influenced by stacking items on the shelves and lifting heavy weights. Improper working techniques and a poor ergonomically designed working environment are among the factors that aggravate the already burdened occupations. The ongoing work with customers and psychosocial risks (excessive workload, shift work, poor communication, sexual harassment, violence, third parties adn so on) can often lead to employees' burnout or depression. The OiRA tool for shop workers deals with general and specific risks at work. This risk assessment contains proposed solutionsto reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.
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Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Construction

From the occupational safety and health perspective, working in the construction industry is among the most risky. The reasons are mainly based on the fact that the work is performed at the work environment where the situation is constantly evolving in terms of both the performance of work activities, the number of participants, work at different levels (at height, excavations, tunnels), transport (horizontal, vertical) as well as in very changing weather conditions (heat, cold, wind, rain, snow). During construction work, workers are exposed to health damage risks, such as diseases related to asbestos exposure, back pain, vibration disease (white finger syndrome), and skin ulcers due to the use of hazardous substances like cement. The OiRA tool for construction workers deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment, slipping, tripping, falls from heights, exposure to dangerous substances, the risk of electrical current, manual handling of loads, stress, violence and so on. This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.
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Construction & maintenance, Woodworking & related activities

Slovenia

Slovenian

Carpentries

The woodworking industry has one of the highest rates of accidents in the manufacturing sector. The reasons are largely the result of workers interacting with various sets of tools and equipment. Carpenter work requires normal physical and mental capability with an emphasis on skills of hands and fingers, muscle sensitivity and pressure sensation on feet, hands and fingers. Carpenters work with the coordination of hands and fingers and must be able to concentrate in dangerous situations with a rapid understanding and reaction to signals and sounds. Occasionally, they work at height and in forced positions. Because of the potential harm caused by excessive noise, dust, fumes, glues, paints, thinners and hardeners periodic medical check-ups are required. The OiRA tool for carpenters deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment - machinery and equipment (maintenance of machines, control systems, etc.). This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.