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This OiRA tool includes the usual work of electrician. Work space of electrician is specific. Work is done outside or in the building, where inside conditions depend on the object being operated. Electrician work encompasses several phases from basic wiring to final assembly. When the tasks are carried out in the unoccupied building, electrician is often exposed to a severe cold and draught. Electrician is exposed to a several risks such as burns caused by electricity, extreme low temperatures, repetitive tasks, heavy lifting, working on heights, chances of eye injury due to the flying objects, slips, falls, dangerous goods and toxic biological substances due to the animal feces. The purpose of the online tool OiRA for painters and façade workers is for employees and employers to remind each other of dangers, collaborate, and give each other advice to make a safer workplace for employees.
Cleaning is a job to be implemented in all industries and in public places and business premises. In general, it means cleaning floors and other surfaces, including washing floors, dusting, vacuuming, polishing floors and work surfaces as well as other tasks, such as removing trash, waste water disposal and similar. Frequently, cleaning tasks take place outside regular working hours, including in the early morning, late evening or at night. Some cleaning operations are specialised only for cleaning windows, facades, industrial plants, means of transport (trains, planes, buses, etc), premises and equipment in health care and cleansing effects of disasters such as fires, floods and the like. Bsides, cleaning, slipping, stumbling, falls and similar are the most common causes of accidents at work. Workers are exposed to dangerous substances, the risk of electrical currents, manual handling of loads, stress, as well as violence by third parties and sexual harassment.
Due to a long-term standing work or incorrect sitting position, shop workers are often exposed to orthopedic injuries after only a few years of their professional practice. In the long term their health might be affected by repetitive movements influenced by stacking items on the shelves and lifting heavy weights. Improper working techniques and a poor ergonomically designed working environment are among the factors that aggravate the already burdened occupations. The ongoing work with customers and psychosocial risks (excessive workload, shift work, poor communication, sexual harassment, violence, third parties adn so on) can often lead to employees' burnout or depression. The OiRA tool for shop workers deals with general and specific risks at work. This risk assessment contains proposed solutionsto reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.