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Ferramentas

As ferramentas setoriais do OiRA aqui fornecidas estão disponíveis para serem utilizadas pelas micro e pequenas empresas na realização de avaliações de riscos, ajudando-as a produzir uma avaliação documentada e adequada às suas necessidades. A transferência das ferramentas é gratuita e estas podem ser facilmente acedidas, clicando na hiperligação pertinente. Cada hiperligação está acompanhada de uma breve descrição da ferramenta e do nome do parceiro OiRA que a desenvolveu. É possível pesquisar ferramentas por país, língua e setor.

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30/09/2016
Comércio grossista e retalhista
Lituânia
Lituano

Wholesale and retail of non-food products

Wholesale and retail sales of non-food products is a complex economic activity because  a variety of lifting equipment for heavy loads is used in this sector and so on. This OiRA is developed specifically for those companies which carry out both  wholesale trade in warehouses and retail sales in sales markets. It is obvious that the retail trade is a less dangerous activity, because lifting equipment are less frequently used. However, the manual handling of loads is classified as hazardous work and may affect the health of workers and the various spinal diseases because of the lifting heavy loads.

Didmeninė ir mažmeninė prekyba ne maisto produktais yra sudėtinga ekonominė veikla nes yra naudojami įvairūs kėlimo įrenginiai, keliami sunkūs kroviniai ir pan. Ši OiRA priemonė skirta būtent toms įmonėms kuriuos atlieka tiek didmeninę prekybą sandėliuose tiek mažmeninė prekyba prekybos vietose. Akivaizdu, kad mažmeninė prekyba yra mažiau pavojinga veikla, nes jos metu rečiau naudojami mechaniniai kėlimo įrenginiai. Tačiau krovinių tvarkymas rankomis yra priskiriami prie pavojingų darbų ir gali turėti įtakos darbuotojų sveikatai bei įvairioms stuburo ligoms dėl sunkių krovinių kilnojimo.

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30/09/2016
Peles sem pelo e curtimenta
Espanha
Espanhol

Leather and tanning

Tanneries have important risks that must be controlled to ensure the protection of workers. These risks are of various types such as: the use of heavy machinery, the use of manual cutting tools or chemicals during tanning and bleaching. Workers often have to manually manipulate skins and hides and the workplace and storage area is often wet. The European social partners in the field of leather and tanning, IndustriAll and COTANCE, developed this tool that has been adapted to Catalan, as support for small and medium companies.

Las curtidurías presentan riesgos muy importantes que hay que controlar para asegurar la correcta protección de los trabajadores. Estos riesgos son de diversos tipos como por ejemplo: la utilización de maquinaria pesada, la utilización de herramientas manuales de corte o el uso de productos químicos durante el curtido o el blanqueado. Además, se debe tener en cuenta que los trabajadores deben manipular pieles manualmente y que tanto el entorno del puesto de trabajo como de la zona de almacenamiento están habitualmente húmedas. Los agentes sociales europeos del sector de la piel, IndustriAll i COTANCE, desarrollaron esta herramienta, que ha sido adaptada al castellano, como herramienta de ayuda para las pequeñas y medianas empresas del sector.

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30/09/2016
Salões de cabeleireiro e de beleza
Espanha
Catalão

Hairdressers

In most hairdressing salons, everything is geared around the client. Sometimes hairdressers disregard their own health, leading to health problems such as hairdresser eczema or wrist, neck and shoulder complaints. This often forces them, even while still very young, to abandon the profession. "OiRA perruqueries" has been developed taking as an example "OiRA Hairdressers" tool, which has been developed under the supervision of the social dialogue partners: Coiffure EU (employers) and UNI Europa Hair and Beauty (trade unions). The content is based on European legislation and particularly on the provisions of the European framework agreement on the protection of occupational health and safety in the hairdressing sector.

En molts salons de perruqueria tot està orientat cap al client. De vegades els perruquers no tenen en consideració la seva pròpia salut, fet que porta a problemes de salut com èczemes o molèsties als canells, coll i espatlles.  Això els obliga sovint, tot i essent encara joves, a abandonar la seva professió. "OiRA perruqueries" s'ha elaborat prenent com a model l'eina "OiRA Hairdressers", la qual ha estat desenvolupada sota la supervició del diàleg dels agents socials europeus: Coiffure EU, empresaris, i el sindicat UNI europa Hair & Beauty. El contingut està basat en la legislació europea i particularment en les disposicions de l'Acord marc europeu sobre la protecció de la salut i la seguretat en el sector de perruqueria.

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30/09/2016
Segurança privada
Espanha
Espanhol

Private Security

Work in the private security sector goes along with plenty of risks, such as slips, trips  and falls and violence of all types lead to private security guards being victims of work-related accidents or reporting temporarily inactive for certain periods of time. This is not a favourable situation for private security guards, private security companies and customers. Private security guards are involved in preventing all types of risks and in serving the security of people, premises, processes and goods. Hence, necessary measures must be taken to guarantee their own health and safety. This OiRA tool has been developed based on the tool developed by the EU sectorial social partners (CoESS and UNI Europa).

Los resbalones y tropiezos, la violencia de todo tipo, el dolor de espalda y otros problemas de salud relacionados con el trabajo, son la causa que los vigilantes de seguridad privada sean víctimas de accidentes de trabajo, o bien tengan que permanecer inactivos durante periodos de tiempo determinados. Esto no sólo afecta a los vigilantes, sino también a las empresas de seguridad privada y a los clientes. Los vigilantes de seguridad privada están involucrados en la prevención de todo tipo de riesgos y en el servicio a la seguridad de las personas, instalaciones, procesos y productos. Por lo tanto, se deben adoptar las medidas necesarias para garantizar su seguridad y salud. Esta herramienta OiRA se ha desarrollado en base a la herramienta de la UE pactada con los agentes sociales del sector.

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30/09/2016
Peles sem pelo e curtimenta
Espanha
Catalão

Leather and tanning

Tanneries have important risks that must be controlled to ensure the protection of workers. These risks are of various types such as: the use of heavy machinery, the use of manual cutting tools or chemicals during tanning and bleaching. Workers often have to manually manipulate skins and hides and the workplace and storage area is often wet. The European social partners in the field of leather and tanning, IndustriAll and COTANCE, developed this tool that has been adapted to Catalan, as support for small and medium companies.

Les adoberies presenten riscos molt importants que cal controlar per assegurar la correcta protecció dels treballadors. Aquests riscos són de diversos tipus com per exemple: la utilització de maquinaria pesada, la utilització d'eines manuals de tall o de productes quimics tant en el moment del adobat com del blanquejat. A més cal tenir present que els treballadors han de manipular les pells manualment i que l'entorn del lloc de treball i de la zona d'emmagatzematge sovint es humit. Els agents socials europeus del sector de la pell, industriAll i COTANCE, van desenvolupar aquesta eina, que ha estat adaptada al català, com a suport per a les petites i mitjanes empreses del sector.

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16/09/2016
Informação e comunicação
Bulgária
Búlgaro

Telecommunications

The tool covers the following modules: OSH Management; Sites and access to them; Technological premises; Factors of the working environment; Electrical safety; High-risk equipment; Work in confined areas; Work at a height; Work in areas with an electromagnetic field; Manual handling of loads; Handling of chemicals; Office work; Shop work; Working in a call center; Vehicles; Psychosocial factors; Emergency; Occupational accidents; Health monitoring.

Инструментът включва следните модули: Управление на здравето и безопасността при работа; Обекти и достъп до тях; Технологични помещения; Фактори на работната среда; Електробезопасност; Съоръжения с повишена опасност; Работа в ограничени пространства; Работа на височина; Работа в зони с електромагнитно поле; Ръчна работа с тежести; Работа с химикали; Работа в офис; Работа в магазин; Работа в колцентър; Транспортни средства; Психосоциални фактори; Аварийни ситуации; Трудов травматизъм; Здравен мониторинг.

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07/09/2016
Educação
Chipre
Grego

Educational Establishments

An educational establishment is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students under the direction of teachers. This tool aims to help identify and assess the risks to which students and teachers are exposed in the educational establishments. Questions are grouped by subject and provide advice for improvement.

Σχολικές μονάδες είναι εγκαταστάσεις σχεδιασμένες να προσφέρουν χώρους μάθησης ούτως ώστε οι  μαθητές να μαθαίνουν υπό την καθοδήγηση των δασκάλων τους. Το εργαλείο αυτό έχει ως στόχο να βοηθήσει στον εντοπισμό και την αξιολόγηση των κινδύνων στους οποίους εκτίθενται οι δάσκαλοι και οι μαθητές στο χώρο των σχολικών μονάδων. Οι ερωτήσεις ομαδοποιούνται ανά θέμα και παρέχονται συμβουλές για βελτίωση.

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06/09/2016
Espetáculos ao vivo
EU level
Inglês

Live performance - Venues

The Live Performance sector encompasses artistic productions and workplaces with a great diversity of elements to be considered in relation to occupational health and safety. The tools cover among other things the technical elements in relation to set, rigging and stage; the special elements, stunts and artistic performance activities on the stage; the chemical and hazardous substances used in special effects; frequent high noise levels; and the presence of an audience. Considering these risks, it's clear that a sector-specific risk assessment is vitally necessary to prevent accident and injury. There are two different OiRA tools, one focusing on productions and the other on venues. The Live Performance Venue Tool is focused on venues such as opera houses, theaters, etc. that are hosting different productions.

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01/07/2016
Espetáculos ao vivo
EU level
Inglês

Live performance - Productions

The live performance sector encompasses artistic productions and workplaces with a great diversity of elements to be considered in relation to occupational health and safety. The tools cover among other things the technical elements in relation to set, rigging and stage; the special elements, stunts and artistic performance activities on the stage; the chemical and hazardous substances used in special effects; frequent high noise levels; and the presence of an audience. Considering these risks, it's clear that a sector-specific risk assessment is vitally necessary to prevent accident and injury. There are two different OiRA tools, one focusing on productions and the other on venues. The Live Performance Productions Tool also includes also the cooperation between the production and the different venues hosting productions when going on tour.

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01/11/2015
Atividades desportivas e recreativas
EU level
Inglês

Sport - active leisure

The active leisure sector comprises two sub-sectors - fitness and outdoors, and they are part of the broader sport sector. The fitness sector uses qualified instructors and trainers to deliver diverse, structured exercise programmes that help people of all ages and abilities to improve their health, muscle and cardiovascular endurance, coordination, balance, agility and flexibility. Fitness programmes also build a feeling of individual wellbeing that establishes and helps to maintain a healthy balance of mind, body and spirit. The outdoor sector uses outdoor related activities (mountain biking, canoe, rafting, horse riding, … etc.) as the basis of delivery of a recreational or personal development service. Outdoor providers do not generally offer competitions, which are therefore not included in the tool. The outdoor sector uses qualified instructors to deliver outdoor activities in a context of fun, recreation, tourism, outdoor learning or engagement with the natural environment. The tool does not cover high risk activities such as climbing, diving, surfing etc. since these were considered to be very specific and as such, need to go along with very specific health and safety measure, that couldn't be covered within the current approach. Aspects such as work performed outside normal working hours, part-time or temporary contracts, or volunteer work as well as free lancer work are included in the tool.

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