Ferramentas

As ferramentas setoriais do OiRA aqui fornecidas estão disponíveis para serem utilizadas pelas micro e pequenas empresas na realização de avaliações de riscos, ajudando-as a produzir uma avaliação documentada e adequada às suas necessidades. A transferência das ferramentas é gratuita e estas podem ser facilmente acedidas, clicando na hiperligação pertinente. Cada hiperligação está acompanhada de uma breve descrição da ferramenta e do nome do parceiro OiRA que a desenvolveu. É possível pesquisar ferramentas por país, língua e setor.

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Food production & sale

Slovenia

Slovenian

Bakeries

Bakers work in manufacturing facilities that produce bread, pastries, and other baked products. Bakers' work is demanding and relatively difficult. It is very often exposed to various dangers and risks of rotating tools and moving parts, burns from cooking and heating liquids. Bakers work with their hands or fingers and are occasionally exposed to extreme heat or cold while working outside or in cold storages. Work is continuously performed in artificial light at high temperatures and humid fluctuations with the presence of fine particles (flour, sugar powder) and excessive noise. The OiRA tool for bakers deals with general and specific risks at work. This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.

Food production & sale

Slovenia

Slovenian

Butchers

The tool OiRA is meant for butchers and meat processing plants. With OiRA we identify the risks that come with the work place and working environment.  OiRA tool for butchers look at cutting, grinding, saws, knives, cold rooms, etc. Included are also psychological risks that come with butchering livestock and harder physical work. The butcher is often exposed to unsuitable micro climate strains like cold, heat, noise, vibrations, unsuitable lighting, etc. Butchers work is also physically hard, because of all the standing, carrying and pushing around heavy objects. The usual injuries are cuts, bruises, and burns from machinery. The employee can get hurt by livestock, or get an infection (biological risk). Work with food requires hygiene, cleaning and frequent disinfection. The purpose of online tool OiRA for butchers is to inform the employees about dangers and how to avoid them. OiRA tool encourages employees to collaborate with employers, report their thoughts, proposals/initiatives how to improve working place, and sharing advices with others. 

Construction & maintenance, Woodworking & related activities

Slovenia

Slovenian

Carpentries

The woodworking industry has one of the highest rates of accidents in the manufacturing sector. The reasons are largely the result of workers interacting with various sets of tools and equipment. Carpenter work requires normal physical and mental capability with an emphasis on skills of hands and fingers, muscle sensitivity and pressure sensation on feet, hands and fingers. Carpenters work with the coordination of hands and fingers and must be able to concentrate in dangerous situations with a rapid understanding and reaction to signals and sounds. Occasionally, they work at height and in forced positions. Because of the potential harm caused by excessive noise, dust, fumes, glues, paints, thinners and hardeners periodic medical check-ups are required. The OiRA tool for carpenters deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment - machinery and equipment (maintenance of machines, control systems, etc.). This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.

Cleaning services

Slovenia

Slovenian

Cleaning

Cleaning is a job to be implemented in all industries and in public places and business premises. In general, it means cleaning floors and other surfaces, including washing floors, dusting, vacuuming, polishing floors and work surfaces as well as other tasks, such as removing trash, waste water disposal and similar. Frequently, cleaning tasks take place outside regular working hours, including in the early morning, late evening or at night. Some cleaning operations are specialised only for cleaning windows, facades, industrial plants, means of transport (trains, planes, buses, etc), premises and equipment in health care and cleansing effects of disasters such as fires, floods and the like. Bsides, cleaning, slipping, stumbling, falls and similar are the most common causes of accidents at work. Workers are exposed to dangerous substances, the risk of electrical currents, manual handling of loads, stress, as well as violence by third parties and sexual harassment.

Construction & maintenance

Slovenia

Slovenian

Construction

From the occupational safety and health perspective, working in the construction industry is among the most risky. The reasons are mainly based on the fact that the work is performed at the work environment where the situation is constantly evolving in terms of both the performance of work activities, the number of participants, work at different levels (at height, excavations, tunnels), transport (horizontal, vertical) as well as in very changing weather conditions (heat, cold, wind, rain, snow). During construction work, workers are exposed to health damage risks, such as diseases related to asbestos exposure, back pain, vibration disease (white finger syndrome), and skin ulcers due to the use of hazardous substances like cement. The OiRA tool for construction workers deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and the safety of work equipment, slipping, tripping, falls from heights, exposure to dangerous substances, the risk of electrical current, manual handling of loads, stress, violence and so on. This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.

Hotels restaurants catering

Slovenia

Slovenian

Cooks

This risk assessment has been produced in order to assist cooks to do their job safely. Cooks and chefs spend most of the day on their feet, and it is often necessary to lift and carry heavy bags or boxes of ingredients. The commercial kitchen is full of sharp blades and dangerously hot surfaces, so both cuts and burns are commonplace. During a busy shift the floors can become slippery from grease or moisture, creating a slipping hazard. Many of the powerful cleansers, grease cutters and sanitizers used in the industry are toxic and corrosive, presenting health risks of their own when used incorrectly. The cooks are exposed to a wide range of threats such as mechanical hazards (cutting and needle stick injuries), burns, threats of electrocution, etc.  An interactive OiRA tool intended for cooks which comprises a basic description of  kitchens, encourages cooperation between employees and employers and significantly contributes to improvements in the workplace and working environment.

Generic tools/risk specific

Slovenia

Slovenian

COVID-19

Education

Slovenia

Slovenian

Educational establishments – general

Electrical & related works

Slovenia

Slovenian

Electricians

This OiRA tool includes the usual work of electrician. Work space of electrician is specific. Work is done outside or in the building, where inside conditions depend on the object being operated. Electrician work encompasses several phases from basic wiring to final assembly. When the tasks are carried out in the unoccupied building, electrician is often exposed to a severe cold and draught. Electrician is exposed to a several risks such as burns caused by electricity, extreme low temperatures, repetitive tasks, heavy lifting, working on heights, chances of eye injury due to the flying objects, slips, falls, dangerous goods and toxic biological substances due to the animal feces. The purpose of the online tool OiRA for painters and façade workers is for employees and employers to remind each other of dangers, collaborate, and give each other advice to make a safer workplace for employees. 

Hairdressers & beauty salons

Slovenia

Slovenian

Hairdressers

A hairdresser's tasks are very diverse and can vary from cutting, colouring and styling hair, beards and mustaches. While carrying out their job, hairdressers use a plethora of accessories and tools made of different materials, including scissors, combs, hairbrushes, razors and hair cutting machines, hair winders, soaping brushes, sprayers, hair sprays, toilet water, shampoos, hair strengtheners and colours. Most hairdressers have a broad range of skills, but some others specialise in processes. Hairdressing work requires good physical skills. The OiRA tool for hairdressers deals with general risks with an emphasis on chemical safety and skin protection. This risk assessment contains proposed solutions to reduce or eliminate the risks. All requirements, listed in the OiRA tool, are linked to legislation.