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Passenger water transport - Ships
Seafaring still belongs to one of the most dangerous occupations worldwide. Risk assessment as a cornerstone in risk management has been widely introduced by internationally operating shipping companies. In contrast, small and micro sized shipping enterprises operating in coastal areas often have no systematic approach to occupational health and safety management. In order to tackle this challenge the “SHIPSAN-ACT – Joint Action” has developed this OiRA tool on maritime transport. The Risk Assessment Tool was structured into ten modules. Based on two general modules dealing with the general approach to safety and health on board (“Occupational Safety and Health Management” and “General Hazards on Board”), six modules cover relevant areas of the ship (“Working on the Bridge”, “Working on the Deck and Cargo Decks”, “Working in the Engine Room”, “Working in the Galley”, “Living Accommodation” and “Working in the ships offices”). Two extra modules were created to treat specific topics (“Dealing with Emergencies” and “Vulnerable Working Groups”). The OiRA tool for Maritime Transport can be used by anyone wishing to assess health and safety-related risks that might exist in their workplace on a ship.
Leather and tanning
The processes and activities in the leather and tanning industry can expose workers to occupational hazards. The most important risks are related to the use of machinery and other equipment, chemicals, and the work environment. Occupational safety and health (OSH) management is essential not only to create healthy workplaces but also to reduce costs and other negative consequences of work related accidents and sick leaves Therefore the Social Partners of the European Leather Industry, industriAll-Europe and COTANCE have developed an OiRA tool to support small and medium sized companies in the proper management of occupational health and safety risks. The tool helps companies to carry out a risk assessment and take adequate measures to eliminate and minimise health and safety risks. Furthermore, the self-assessment reports based on this OiRA tool can be used as an instrument in the supply chain for communicating on OSH. Implementation of the tool does not however ensure legal compliance with the respective national health and safety regulations. The tool has been developed at EU level and may serve as a basis when developing an OiRA leather and tanning tool at national level.
Sport sector - Professional sports
The professional sports sector comprises many sub-sectors, such as handball, basketball, cycling, football (to only name a few). This tool includes general statements on either indoor or outdoor field sports, it further includes a section on water sports and on ice and snow sports. Beside covering a broad range of sports, the sector and accordingly the tool include a wide range of employmees, not only including athletes but also coaches, referees, office workers, receptionists, ticket sellers, security guards, caretakers, maintainance workers, gardeners, kitchen staff, bartenders, club managers, operations managers, supporting staff, and many more. All of these can be volunteers as well.
Sport - Not-for-profit
Not-for-profit sports improve the quality of people's lives through exercise, fun and personal development. Not-for-profit sports is a part of the broader sport sector. The OiRA tool on not-for-profit sports sector covers activities being conducted by the following staff: Sport coaches & sport instructors and trainers, individually orientated and group wise orientated; sport managers; location managers and operational support (e.g. maintenance workers, caretakers, cleaners, grounds men, gardeners, food & beverage staff, receptionists, cashiers, ticket sellers, office workers, drivers, security guards). All the above workers can also be volunteers. Any sports club or person that represents a sports club is considered to be an 'employer'. In the not-for-profit sports sector the employers are often volunteers as well. Working at a not-for-profit sports organisation concerns the indoor facilities an outdoor activities (grounds), and sometimes travelling. Work is often performed outside normal working hours, frequently in the evening or at night and at weekends. The workers may be employed on part-time or temporary contracts, as a volunteer or may work as self-employed. Many instructors in the outdoor sport are freelancer either working for centers on contract or as self-employed.
Sport - Active leisure
The active leisure sector comprises two sub-sectors - fitness and outdoors, and they are part of the broader sport sector. The fitness sector uses qualified instructors and trainers to deliver diverse, structured exercise programmes that help people of all ages and abilities to improve their health, muscle and cardiovascular endurance, coordination, balance, agility and flexibility. Fitness programmes also build a feeling of individual wellbeing that establishes and helps to maintain a healthy balance of mind, body and spirit. The outdoor sector uses outdoor related activities (mountain biking, canoe, rafting, horse riding, … etc.) as the basis of delivery of a recreational or personal development service. Outdoor providers do not generally offer competitions, which are therefore not included in the tool. The outdoor sector uses qualified instructors to deliver outdoor activities in a context of fun, recreation, tourism, outdoor learning or engagement with the natural environment. The tool does not cover high risk activities such as climbing, diving, surfing etc. since these were considered to be very specific and as such, need to go along with very specific health and safety measure, that couldn't be covered within the current approach. Aspects such as work performed outside normal working hours, part-time or temporary contracts, or volunteer work as well as free lancer work are included in the tool.