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Passenger water transport - Ships
Seafaring still belongs to one of the most dangerous occupations worldwide. Risk assessment as a cornerstone in risk management has been widely introduced by internationally operating shipping companies. In contrast, small and micro sized shipping enterprises operating in coastal areas often have no systematic approach to occupational health and safety management. In order to tackle this challenge the “SHIPSAN-ACT – Joint Action” has developed this OiRA tool on maritime transport. The Risk Assessment Tool was structured into ten modules. Based on two general modules dealing with the general approach to safety and health on board (“Occupational Safety and Health Management” and “General Hazards on Board”), six modules cover relevant areas of the ship (“Working on the Bridge”, “Working on the Deck and Cargo Decks”, “Working in the Engine Room”, “Working in the Galley”, “Living Accommodation” and “Working in the ships offices”). Two extra modules were created to treat specific topics (“Dealing with Emergencies” and “Vulnerable Working Groups”). The OiRA tool for Maritime Transport can be used by anyone wishing to assess health and safety-related risks that might exist in their workplace on a ship.
Leather and tanning
The processes and activities in the leather and tanning industry can expose workers to occupational hazards. The most important risks are related to the use of machinery and other equipment, chemicals, and the work environment. Occupational safety and health (OSH) management is essential not only to create healthy workplaces but also to reduce costs and other negative consequences of work related accidents and sick leaves Therefore the Social Partners of the European Leather Industry, industriAll-Europe and COTANCE have developed an OiRA tool to support small and medium sized companies in the proper management of occupational health and safety risks. The tool helps companies to carry out a risk assessment and take adequate measures to eliminate and minimise health and safety risks. Furthermore, the self-assessment reports based on this OiRA tool can be used as an instrument in the supply chain for communicating on OSH. Implementation of the tool does not however ensure legal compliance with the respective national health and safety regulations. The tool has been developed at EU level and may serve as a basis when developing an OiRA leather and tanning tool at national level.