Instrumente

Instrumentele sectoriale OiRA oferite aici sunt puse la dispoziția microîntreprinderilor și a întreprinderilor mici în vederea efectuării unor evaluări ale riscurilor documentate și adaptate propriilor cerințe. Instrumentele se pot descărca gratuit și pot fi accesate cu ușurință, cu un clic pe linkul aferent. Fiecare link este însoțit de o scurtă descriere a instrumentului și de numele partenerului OiRA care l-a dezvoltat. Instrumentele pot fi căutate după criteriul țării, al limbii și al sectorului.

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Agriculture, forestry & fishing

EU level

English

Agriculture

The EU tool for the agricultural sector was developed by the EU Social Partners Geopa and EFFAT with the support of EU-OSHA to facilitate the assessment of occupational safety and health (OSH) risks in the sector and take preventive and effective action. Risks related to handling animals (cattle, pigs, horses, sheep, goats), fruit and vegetable cultivation as well as risks related to pesticides, agricultural vehicles, working in confined spaces, working at heights and with heavy machinery, musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), and psychosocial issues are among the many risks farmers and agricultural workers face on a daily basis.
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Agriculture, forestry & fishing

Portugal

Portuguese

Agriculture

The agricultural sector has high levels of occupational accidents throughout the Portuguese territory, consisting mainly of small farms. Accidents generally occur due to improper machinery, unprotected moving parts, overconfidence of operators, lack of proper training and disregard for the correct use of safety devices and safety instructions provided by manufacturers. In addition, workers in the sector are subject to various risks related to the lack of use of appropriate protective equipment, the handling of hazardous chemicals, high physical effort and adverse environmental conditions, among others. Correct risk assessment of existing hazards using this tool can prevent many of them and help the employer implement the appropriate solutions for their elimination / control.
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Food production & sale

Portugal

Portuguese

Dairy Products

This sector involves the production of various products such as butter, fresh cheese, curd, cured cheese and buttered cheese, with milk as the raw material. This OiRA tool addresses the main hazards / risks that exist in the various working areas of SMEs in this sector, from receiving and storing raw materials, to packing and shipping, the entire manufacturing process, cold chambers and maturing chambers. The tool also addresses issues associated with emergencies, psychosocial and stress risks, as well as structural, environmental and occupational safety and health management hazards / risks. It allows an assessment of existing risks, suggests measures to control those risks and also produces an action plan to be implemented.
Imagine

Food production & sale

Portugal

Portuguese

Horticultural Products

In fruit and vegetable companies (producers of jams, pastas, sauces and preserves) the main risk factors are associated with standing, improper postures, manual handling of loads, high temperatures and humid environments, the use of machines with unprotected moving parts, lack of training of workers and disregard for the correct use of safety devices and the safety instructions provided by the manufacturers. Thus, this OiRA tool addresses the main hazards in the various work areas, from receiving raw materials to storing finished products. The tool also addresses issues associated with emergencies, psychosocial risks (including stress), as well as structural, environmental and occupational safety and health management hazards / risks. It allows an assessment of existing risks, suggests measures to control those risks and produces an action plan to be implemented.
Imagine

Food production & sale

Portugal

Portuguese

Bakeries

Bakers / confectioners work in facilities where bread, cakes, fresh pastries, snacks (fried, tender dough and puff pastry) and regional confectionery are made. Their work is demanding and is carried out under difficult environmental conditions. The work is mostly performed under artificial light, at high temperatures accompanied by variations in humidity, in the presence of breathable particles, explosive atmospheres and excessive noise. The existence of night work, exposure to biological agents and manual handling of cargo are other risk factors present in the manufacture of bakery / pastry products naturally affecting all who work there. Thus, this OiRA tool addresses the main hazards that exist in the various work areas, from receiving raw materials to storing and shipping final products. The tool also addresses issues associated with emergencies, psychosocial and stress risks, as well as structural, environmental and occupational safety and health management hazards / risks. It allows an assessment of existing risks, suggests measures to control those risks and also produces an action plan to be implemented.
Imagine

Food production & sale

Portugal

Portuguese

Meat Products

The processing of meat products has several risk factors, namely those related to the use of hand tools, cutting machines and equipment, the manual handling of loads, standing static work, the existence of slippery floors, exposure to low temperatures and various biological agents, among others. This OiRA tool addresses the main hazards / risks that exist in the various work areas, from receiving and storing raw materials to storing finished products naturally throughout the manufacturing area. The tool also addresses issues associated with emergencies, psychosocial and stress risks, as well as structural, environmental and occupational safety and health management hazards / risks. It allows an assessment of existing risks, suggests measures to control those risks and also produces an action plan to be implemented.
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Transport (air, water & rail)

EU level

English

Passenger water transport - Ships

Seafaring still belongs to one of the most dangerous occupations worldwide. Risk assessment as a cornerstone in risk management has been widely introduced by internationally operating shipping companies. In contrast, small and micro sized shipping enterprises operating in coastal areas often have no systematic approach to occupational health and safety management. In order to tackle this challenge the “SHIPSAN-ACT – Joint Action” has developed this OiRA tool on maritime transport. The Risk Assessment Tool was structured into ten modules. Based on two general modules dealing with the general approach to safety and health on board (“Occupational Safety and Health Management” and “General Hazards on Board”), six modules cover relevant areas of the ship (“Working on the Bridge”, “Working on the Deck and Cargo Decks”, “Working in the Engine Room”, “Working in the Galley”, “Living Accommodation” and “Working in the ships offices”). Two extra modules were created to treat specific topics (“Dealing with Emergencies” and “Vulnerable Working Groups”). The OiRA tool for Maritime Transport can be used by anyone wishing to assess health and safety-related risks that might exist in their workplace on a ship.
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Leather & tanning

Portugal

Portuguese

Leather and tanning

The processes and activities in the leather and tanning industry can expose workers to a broad variety of occupational hazards. The most important risks are related to the use of machinery and other equipment such as knifes, dealing with dangerous chemicals, and being exposed to risks related to the general work environment, such as slippery floors etc. The tool helps employers to identify the specific risks in their company. In addition it guides the user not only through the risk identification but also helps in setting up an action plan to eliminate or mitigate the identified risks by proposing plenty of practical solutions. 
Imagine

Leather & tanning

EU level

English

Leather and tanning

The processes and activities in the leather and tanning industry can expose workers to occupational hazards. The most important risks are related to the use of machinery and other equipment, chemicals, and the work environment. Occupational safety and health (OSH) management is essential not only to create healthy workplaces but also to reduce costs and other negative consequences of work related accidents and sick leaves Therefore the Social Partners of the European Leather Industry, industriAll-Europe and COTANCE have developed an OiRA tool to support small and medium sized companies in the proper management of occupational health and safety risks. The tool helps companies to carry out a risk assessment and take adequate measures to eliminate and minimise health and safety risks. Furthermore, the self-assessment reports based on this OiRA tool can be used as an instrument in the supply chain for communicating on OSH. Implementation of the tool does not however ensure legal compliance with the respective national health and safety regulations. The tool has been developed at EU level and may serve as a basis when developing an OiRA leather and tanning tool at national level.